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Poincaré conjecture

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1 Poincaré conjecture on Tue Dec 14, 2010 8:20 am

Originally conjectured by Henri Poincaré, the theorem concerns a space that locally looks like ordinary three-dimensional space but is connected, finite in size, and lacks any boundary (a closed 3-manifold). The Poincaré conjecture claims that if such a space has the additional property that each loop in the space can be continuously tightened to a point, then it is necessarily a three-dimensional sphere. An analogous result has been known in higher dimensions for some time.
After nearly a century of effort by mathematicians, Grigori Perelman presented a proof of the conjecture in three papers made available in 2002 and 2003 on arXiv.org. The proof followed the program of Richard Hamilton. Several high-profile teams of mathematicians have verified that Perelman's proof is correct.

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